Presented below is a listing of 120 minor placenames collected by Éamon Lankford at Ardghort townland in the Civil Parish of Clear Island, Barony of Carbery West, East Division, Co. Cork in 1976. The survey of the sixteen Oileán Cléire / Cape Clear Island townlands returned 2200 placenames, the locations for which were for the first time recorded on Townland Maps. They are the names of places and features in the natural and cultural landscape of the island. The Cape Clear Place Name Survey and that of other West Cork islands and mainland coastal areas were conducted over the years from 1976 to 1995.
The West Cork Survey brought about the collection of some 18,000 placename references. An oral or documentary source or both was provided for each name, almost all of which had their locations marked on 6” Townland Maps. The success of this initiative led to the voluntary Cork and Kerry Place Name Surveys which in the years from 1995 to 2010 gathered names throughout every townland in Cork and Kerry. The entire compilations for each county was deposited in 2009/10 in Cork and Kerry County Libraries where they form the Cork Place Name Archive and the Kerry Place Name Archive.
Placename Collecting Methodology
The methodology for collecting and mapping the location of named places and features from oral and documented sources throughout Cork and Kerry was first tried, tested and developed during twenty years of placename collecting initiatives by Éamon Lankford at Oileán Cléire / Cape Clear island and on other West Cork islands. The same methodology was from 1996 applied to all of Co. Cork during Suirbhé Logainmneacha Chorcaí / Cork Place Name Survey and then used in the Kerry Place Name Survey, titled Áitainmneacha Chiarraí from 1998. Both county placename surveys were organised from a central office in Cork City.
Almost all names on the Ordnance Survey Maps of Ireland are derived from names once used in Irish only by communities throughout Ireland. Townland names today still form part of most people’s address. Names on road signs in Ireland are for the most part, derived from Irish language descriptions of places and features and of the life and times of Irish people in past ages.
All but a few of the 2200 placenames collected in Cape Clear had their location mapped for the first time. They were the names known and used only in Irish. They were therefore, in the 1970s-1990s a perfect example of Irish placenaming heritage.
Almost all names were taperecorded in interviews with islanders. The placenames of Ardghort Townland, Cape Clear Island were chosen by the compiler Éamon Lankford to be the template for demonstrating the methodology for collecting, mapping and archiving some of the placename heritage of the 9000 townlands of Co. Cork and Co. Kerry. The data collected and mapped in those initiatives form the only public County Place Name Archives in Ireland. [See the Home page of www.placenames.ie]